Originally posted 2018-11-21 06:01:26.
POPULATION : 4.7M
LAND: The north island is characterized by volcanic and thermal activity. The south island has thousands of glaciers
CURRENCY:NEW ZEALAND DOLLARS(1NZ$=0.691360 US$)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES :96.1% English, 37% Māori, 0.5% NZ sign.
PEOPLE: with a combined history of Māori, Europeans, Pacific Island and Asian cultures, New Zealand has become a Multicultural population- but with some uniting features that makes it unique in the world.
Today, New Zealand’s population of 4.7M consist of approximately 69% of European descents, 14%, indigenous Māori, 9.2% Asian and 6.9 Non Māori Pacific Islanders.
Geographically, over three-quarters of the population live in the North island, with one third of the total population living in Auckland. The other main cities of Wellington, Christ-church and Hamilton are were the majority of the remaining Kiwis dwell.
About 800 years ago, before Christopher Columbus and the rest of Europe Worried about falling of the edge of the world; Māori tribes Travelled across thousands of miles of the vast unknown Pacific Ocean and settled in New Zealand, They became the first inhabitants of Aotearoa New Zealand,There they discovered a terrain that was totally unlike the tropical island of Polynesia that they left behind. Here was a land of mountains and glaciers, thermal springs and snow.
About five centuries later, another race of settlers Arrived, this time from distant Europe. Today, most New Zealanders acknowledge traditions of both Anglo-Saxon and Polynesian origin.Almost 90% of the population are city dwellers. The city of Wellington has the distinction of being the southernmost capital in the world.
According to Māori, the first explorer to reach New Zealand was kupe, using the stars and ocean current as his navigational guides, he ventured across the Pacific Ocean on his Waka (voyagin canoe) from his ancestral Polynesian homeland of HAWAIKII.
HAWAIKII: hawaikii cannot be found on a map, but it is believed that Māori came from an island or group of islands in Polynesia in the South Pacific Ocean. There are similarities between the Māori language and culture and others of Polynesia including the cook island, Hawaii and Tahiti.
NEW ZEALAND’S PLANTS AND ANIMALS
ANIMALS: New Zealand boasts an odd assortment of wildlife, with more species of flightless birds than anywhere else in the world.As the large tracts of lush native bushes evolve, wings became unnecessary for some birds as they have no natural predators to fly away from. As a result, several of New Zealand’s native birds became flightless, including the Kakapo parrot, the kiwi, the takahe and the world’s largest bird the moa -which is now extinct. New Zealand is also home to the tuatara, a lizard like reptile that can live up to 100 years.
PLANTS : New Zealand’s high rainfall and many sunshine gives the country a majestic evergreen native forest that includes the Rimu, Totara, kauri, many varieties of beech, and the silver fern tree which can grow to more than 30 feet tall. The yellow flowers of the Kowhai tree are some of the prettiest you’ll ever see, and if you visit the north island, you will come across the beautiful Pohutukawa tree which has bright red flowers that bloom in December, giving it the title of New Zealand’s Christmas tree.CLIMATE AND WEATHER
weather in New Zealand changes unexpectedly. While the far north has subtropical weather during the summer, and inland alpine areas of the south island can be as cold as -10°c (14°F) in the winter, Most of the country lies close to the coast which means mild temperatures.
The average New Zealand temperature decreases as you travel south. January and February are the warmest months, and July is the coldest month of the year.
DO YOU KNOW? :
*The name New Zealand, is derived from zeeland a region in the Netherlands
*The Māori name Aotearoa means “The land of the long white cloud ”
*While most New Zealanders speak English, the native language, Māori, has enjoyed a resurgence and is now taught in schools.